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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 1999;6(3): 493
간호학생에게 실시한 심폐소생술 교육의 효과
한정석1, 고일선2, 강규숙3, 송인자4, 문성미5, 김선희6
1연세대학교 간호대학
2연세대학교 간호대학
3연세대학교 간호대학
4연세대학교 간호대학
5연세대학교 간호대학
6연세대학교 간호대학
The Effectiveness of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Targeted for Nursing Students
Jung-Suk Han1, Il-Sun Ko2, Kyu-Sook Kang3, In-Ja Song4, Seong-Mi Moon5, Sun-Hee Kim6
1College of Nursing, Yonsei University
2College of Nursing, Yonsei University
3College of Nursing, Yonsei University
4College of Nursing, Yonsei University
5College of Nursing, Yonsei University
6College of Nursing, Yonsei University
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness and competence level of trainees of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training targeted for nursing students. 70 nursing students of Y nursing college are recruited as subjects from Dec. 1st, 1998 through Dec. 8th. 1998. For the pre-test. demographic data related to CPR and knowledge of CPR were evaluated. For the post-test, the next week of pre-test, three difference groups of subjects were tested their knowledge of CPR. CPR training was designed by two components which were 90 mins lecture and demonstration by one professor and individual practice using two educational models with two professors. As the tool of measurement estimating pre or post knowledge of CPR. questionnaires were developed based on self-diagnosis questionnaires of American Heart Association(AHA). The questionnaires were multiple choices (50 questions) and open end questions regarding CPR process. Each multiple choices questions valued 2 points (Score varied min. 0 point to max 100 points.). Collected data were computerized and analyzed by SPSS-WIN. Frequency and percentage of each questions analyzed. The differences of the knowledge and competency level of subjects between pre and post test was analyses by paired t-test. The followings are research outcome. 1. In the pre-test, 95% of subjects answered that they already knew what CPR was. but only 82% described correctly what CPR was. 49% learned CPR before, and 80s5 of them learned at high school. 2. 37 questions scores increases, and 10 questions scores decreased. 3 questions didnt change their score. After getting training, ratio of 80% correct score significantly increased 4 times. 3. In post-test. knowledge level of trainees increased compared to that of pre-test. (t=-15.075, p=.000) 4. Competence level also increased (t=-14.86, p=.00). In result, after getting CPR training, most CPR knowledge increased except open the air tract, toddler CPR, and alternative behavior when the air tract is blocked. CPR training needs to extend the educational scope not only CPR lecture but also psychomotor skill practice. CPR trainees are in need of appropriate feedback as well as enough opportunities of skill practice.
Key words: Cardiopulminary Resuscitation
주요어: 심폐소생술