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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2012;19(3): 302
중환자실과 응급실 간호사의 표준주의 수행에 영향을 미치는 요인
이경아1, 김화순2, 이영휘3, 함옥경4
2인하대학교 간호학과
3인하대학교 간호학과
4인하대학교 간호학과
Factors Influencing Compliance with Standard Precautions in Intensive Care Unit and Emergency Room Nurses
Kyung-Ah Lee1, Hwa-Soon Kim2, Young-Whee Lee3, Ok-Kyung Ham4
1Incheon Worker's Compensation Hospital
2Department of Nursing, Inha University
3Nursing Department, Inha University
4Nursing Department, Inha University
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude and compliance with standard precautions and to identify predicting factors of compliance with standard precautions in ICU and ER nurses.
Methods: The participants were 228 ICU and ER nurses working in one of three university hospitals and one general hospital. Collected data included general characteristics, features related to infection risk, and knowledge, attitude and compliance with standard precautions. For the final analysis, 218 questionnaires were used.
Results: Within the previous one year, 103 (47.3%) nurses experienced pricking injury from syringe needles or other sharp materials, 111 (50.9%) nurses reported exposure to patients' blood and body fluid. In general, the scores for knowledge, attitude and compliance were all high. Compliance scores for nurses in intensive care units were significantly higher than those of nurses in emergency. There were significant correlations of knowledge, attitude, and compliance with standard precautions. Attitude and work place were significant factors predicting compliance with standard precautions.
Conclusion: The results indicate that to increase nurse's compliance with standard precautions, continuous efforts to enhance positive attitudes and at the same time, improve work environments and use individualized approaches based on the work units are needed.
Key words: Knowledge | Attitude | Compliance | Infection | Precautions
주요어: 지식 | 태도 | 수행 | 감염 | 주의