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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(2): 230
성인의 건강행위 변화단계와 건강관련 삶의 질에 대한 연구
단국대학교 의과대학 간호학과
Stages of Health Behavior Change and Health Related Quality of Life among Korean Adults
Ae-Kyung Kim
Department of Nursing, Dankook University
Purpose: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a theoretical construct explaining stages of health behavior change. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the stages of health behavior change and health related quality of life (HRQL),
Method: A descriptive survey design was utilized, and, using a questionnaire, which included a series of 5 questions designed to assess stages of health behavior change and HRQL instrument, data were collected from 292 adults. Means, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and SNK test were used to analyze the collected data.
Results: Health risk behaviors were lack of stress management(44%), alcohol use (42.5%), poor nutrition (37%), smoking (36.3%), a lack of spirituality (28.8%), poor communication skills (21.9%), Lack of safety(21.6%), lack of fittness (20.1%), violent behavior(12.3%), and drug use(6.8%). There was a significant difference in HRQL according to stage of health behavior change (P=0.001).
Conclusion: The results of the study identified the need for individualized nursing interventions that based on the stage of health behavior change. Nursing interventions that focus on the stage of health behavior change would be effective for health promotion for Koreans.
Key words: Health behavior | Quality of life
주요어: 건강행위 | 삶의 질