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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2010;17(3): 382
사별 노인의 우울에 영향을 미치는 예측 요인
이규은1, 염영희2
1관동대학교 간호학과
2중앙대학교 간호학과
Predictors of Depression of Widowed Elders
Kyu-Eun Lee1, Young-Hee Yom2
1Department of Nursing, Kwangdong University
2Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University
Abstract
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of perceived health, coping strategies, dependency, suicidal ideation and depression widowed elders, and to identify predictors of depression in this population.
Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-questionnaire with 162 elders from welfare centers for senior citizens located in 3 cities, Seoul, Gangneung and Seosan. Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS Win 12.0 Program were used to analyze the data.
Results: Depression had significant negative correlations with perceived health (r=-.525, p<.001), and coping strategies (r=-.253, p=.005) and positive correlations with dependency (r=.430, p<.001), and suicidal ideation (r=.473, p<.001). The explained variance for depression was 47.5%. Of the variables, perceived health (${beta}=-.237$, p=.003), suicidal ideation (${beta}=.398$, p<.001) and dependency (${beta}=.341$, p<.001) significantly predicted the degree of depression.
Conclusion: Findings from this study provide a comprehensive understanding of depression and related factors for widowed elders in Korea. However, further study with a larger random sample and more a detailed research design is necessary.
Key words: Elderly | Widowed | Depression | Dependency | Suicidal Ideation
주요어: 노인 | 사별 | 우울 | 의존성 | 자살생각
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