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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2006;13(2): 217
필로카르핀을 이용한 구강간호가 말기 암환자의 구강 상태와 불편감에 미치는 효과
박명희1, 유양숙2
1가톨릭대학교 가톨릭중앙의료원 이념구현팀
2가톨릭대학교 간호대학
Pilocarpine Mouth Care for Patients with Terminal Cancer
Myung-Hee Park1, Yang-Sook Yoo2
1Mission Policy Department, Catholic Medical Center
2College of Nursing, The Catholic University
Abstract
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the effects of pilocarpine mouth care on the condition and discomfort of the oral cavity in patients with terminal cancer.
Method: A quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group, pre- and post-test was used. The participants were 30 patients admitted to the hospice care unit of C university hospital. Fourteen patients received pilocarpine mouth care for 5 days. The other sixteen received general mouth care.
Results: Improvement in the condition of the oral cavity was significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group. Decrease in oral discomfort scores was significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group. The incidence of oral candidiasis was significantly higher in the control group compared to the experimental group.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that pilocarpine mouth care could be an effective intervention for relieving oral discomfort, improving the condition of the oral cavity, and decreasing the incidence of oral candidiasis in patients with terminal cancer.
Key words: Pilocarpine | Mouth | Neoplasm | Hospices | Patients
주요어: 필로카르핀 | 구강간호 | 호스피스
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