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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(4): 483
지역사회 거주 기혼 여성의 요실금 중증도에 따른 불안, 우울 및 삶의 질
송영신1, 홍성경2, 송주은3, 조혜경4, 손연정5
1을지대학병원 간호부 교육팀
2순천향대학교 간호학과
3연세대학교 간호대학
4이화여자대학교 간호대학
5순천향대학교 간호학과
Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life of Married Women with Urinary Incontinence Living in the Community
Young-Shin Song1, Sung-Kyung Hong2, Ju-Eun Song3, Hye-Kyung Cho4, Youn-Jung Son5
1Nursing Education Team, Eulji University Hospital
2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University
3College of Nursing, Yonsei University
4Ewha University
5Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare anxiety, depression and quality of life according to the severity of urinary incontinence in married women.
Method: The participants were 168 married women aged 30-65 years who experienced urinary incontinence. The data were collected from May to July, 2006 using a structured questionnaire. Frequencies, percent, means and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, $X^2-test$ and Scheffe test with SPSS win 14.0 program were used to analyze the data.
Results: The distribution of urinary incontinence severity was mild 87.5%, or moderate 12.5%. Significant differences in the severity of urinary incontinence were found for the general characteristics of age, education level, having a job and having a spouse and for the obstetric characteristics of type of delivery, and menopause. Differences in the score for anxiety(t=-2.41, p=0.001) and quality of life(t=5.50, p<0.001) according to the severity of urinary incontinence were statistically significant.
Conclusion: Women with moderate to severe urinary incontinence should be screened for psychosocial factors. Severity of urinary incontinence in married women negatively affects their quality of life. Further research is needed to determine factors predicting the quality of life for incontinent women.
Key words: Women | Urinary Incontinence | Anxiety | Depression | Quality of life
주요어: 여성 | 요실금 중증도 | 불안 | 우울 | 삶의 질