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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2014;21(3): 264
일 종합병원 입원환자의 진료과별 낙상특성 및 위험요인
장인실1, 이순교2
1서울아산병원
2서울아산병원
Fall Risk Factors and Characteristics of an Acute Hospital Setting across Clinical Departments
In-Sil Jang1, Sun-Gyo Lee2
1Asan Medical Center
2Asan Medical Center
Abstract
Purpose: This study was done to determine inpatient fall rates in an acute hospital setting and to explore risk factors and characteristics across clinical departments.
Methods: The medical records and standardized fall reports of 416 patients admitted between January 1 and December 31, 2012 were reviewed. Descriptive statistics and statistical tests were used, including: t-test, ${chi}^2$-test, ANOVA.
Results: The total fall rate per 1,000 inpatient days was 0.49. Fall rate, fall risk factors and characteristics such as age, type of fallers and mean MFS (Morse Fall Scale) differed significantly among clinical departments.
Conclusions: The analysis results show that the fall rates, fall risk factors and characteristics of acute hospital inpatient falls varied significantly across clinical departments. The findings of this study suggest that hospitals should consider differences in fall related characteristics across clinical departments when implementation fall prevention strategies and interventions.
Key words: Inpatients | Accidental falls | Risk factors | Hospital departments
주요어: 입원환자 | 낙상 | 위험 요인 | 진료과
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