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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2014;21(1): 18
노인의 구강건강 관련 삶의 질 결정 요인에 관한 연구 - 앤더슨 모델(Andersen Model)의 적용 -
염영희1, 한정희2
1중앙대학교 적십자 간호대학
2중앙대학교 대학원
Factors Associated With Oral Health Related-quality of Life in Elderly Persons: Applying Andersen's Model
Young-Hee Yom1, Jung-Hee Han2
1Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University
2Graduate School, Chung-Ang University
Purpose: This study was done to apply Andersen's behavioral model to identify factors that determine oral health-related quality of life in elderly persons.
Methods: Participants were 257 people ages 65 years or older. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and hierarchical multiple regression.
Results: The variables in the behavioral model, predisposing factors, enabling factors and need factors, explained 31% (F=12.7, p<.001) of variance in oral health-related quality of life. The predisposing factors, enabling factors, need factors and health behavior collectively explained 35% (F=9.22, p<.001) of variance in oral health-related quality of life. Factors influencing oral health-related quality of life in older adults were ADL and IADL, self-reported oral health status, xerostomia and dental care in last 12 months.
Conclusions: The analysis results showed that the need factor had the highest level of relative importance of the three factors. The model used for this study can be used to predict oral health-related quality of life.
Key words: Aged | Quality of life | Oral health | Andersen's model
주요어: 노인 | 삶의 질 | 구강건강 | 앤더슨 모형