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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2013;20(4): 429
금연준비단계 대학생의 니코틴의존도 영향요인
이혜순1, 송미령2
1한남대학교 간호학과
2호서대학교 간호학과, 기초과학연구소
Factors Influencing Nicotine Dependency among College Students Intending to Quit Smoking
Hea Shoon Lee1, Mi Ryeong Song2
1Department of Nursing, Hannam University
2Department of Nursing, The Research Institute for Basic Sciences, Hoseo University
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing nicotine dependency among college students intending to quit smoking, and to provide data for the construction of programs that will be successful in helping the students quit smoking.
Method: In this study a cross-sectional survey to analyze was used. The data were collected between April 22 and April 24, 2013 from 218 college students who had unsuccessfully tried to quit smoking in the past but were now intending to try and quit smoking again. Data were analyzed using frequency, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression with the SPSS 21.0.
Results: Factors influencing nicotine dependency were self-efficacy for smoking abstinence (t=-6.60, p=<.001), length of time since beginning to smoke (t=5.39, p<.001), level of carbon monoxide intake (t=2.38, p=.018), and withdrawal symptoms as reasons why the students failed to quit smoking (t=2.22, p=.028). These 4 variables accounted for 35.0% of the variance with regard to nicotine dependency.
Conclusions: To conduct a successful program for students who intend to quit smoking, self-efficacy for smoking abstinence, length of time since beginning to smoke, level of carbon monoxide, and withdrawal symptoms as reasons for failing to quit smoking should be considered.
Key words: Students | Smoking | Smoking cessation | Nicotine | Self-efficacy
주요어: 대학생 | 흡연 | 금연 | 니코틴의존도 | 금연자기효능감