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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2013;20(4): 333
학령기 아동의 변비 발생률과 영향요인
박지현1, 손정태2
1대구가톨릭대학교 간호대학
2대구가톨릭대학교 간호대학
Prevalence and Factors Influencing Constipation in School Age Children
Ji Hyun Park1, Jung Tae Son2
1College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu
2College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate prevalence and factors influencing constipation in school age children in order to help prevent and manage this problem.
Methods: The participants were 618 elementary school students (4th, 5th, and 6th grade) selected from five elementary schools. Data were gathered using questionnaires and analyzed using $x^2$ test, independent t-test and binary logistic regression with the PASW 18.0 program.
Results: The prevalence of constipation was 15.2% for these school age children. Factors influencing constipation in this population were high stress (OR: 5.77), daily intake of meat (OR: 5.42), more than 3 hours using the internet (OR: 4.50), more than 3 hours of private academy classes (OR: 2.83), obesity (OR: 2.34), and negative perceptions of school toilet environment (OR: 2.26).
Conclusion: Psychological factors and physical activities have an important effect on constipation in school age children. Thus, there is a need to educate both children and their parents on prevention of constipation by decreasing stress, decreasing meat intake, increasing active movement and increasing positive perception of school toilet environment.
Key words: Constipation | Child | Prevalence
주요어: 변비 | 아동 | 발생률