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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2013;20(1): 37
도시·농촌지역 고등학생의 자살생각에 관한 연구-성장발달자산과 폭력경험을 중심으로
최정현1, 유미2, 방경숙3
1남서울대학교 간호학과
2남서울대학교 간호학과
3서울대학교 간호학과
A Study on Suicidal Ideation of High School Students in Urban and Rural Area-Focused on Developmental Assets and Violence
Jung Hyun Choi1, Mi Yu2, Kyung Sook Bang3
1Department of Nursing, Namseoul University
2Department of Nursing, Namseoul University
3College of Nursing, Seoul National University
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify suicidal ideation in high school students in urban and rural areas.
Methods: For this research two urban and two rural high schools in four cities were chosen. The participants were 713 students (373 in the urban area, 340 in the rural area). The survey was conducted from June 1 to July 31, 2012. Data were analyzed with chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression using SPSS 18.0.
Results: Results showed that 19.5% of respondents had suicidal ideation within the past 1 year. There were significant differences in suicidal ideation and developmental assets between the two areas. Multiple regression analysis revealed that support, school violence, gender, family abuse, constructive use of time, and positive identity were significant predictors and explained 26% of suicidal ideation for high school students in urban areas. On the other hand, in rural areas, family abuse, gender, positive identity, smoking and empowerment were significant predictors and explained 31% of suicidal ideation.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that implementation of a suicide prevention program in which consideration is given to these factors, and taking into account differences between urban and rural students would be helpful in reducing suicidal ideation.
Key words: Students | Suicidal ideation | Development | Violence
주요어: 고등학생 | 자살생각 | 성장발달자산 | 폭력
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