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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2011;18(1): 28
중환자실에서 피부손상을 감소시키기 위한 억제대 개발 및 적용효과
문정숙1, 이경남2, 이동숙3
1한림대학교 춘천성심병원
2거제대학 간호과, 강원대학교 간호학과
3강원대학교 간호학과, 건강돌봄 연구소
Effect of a New Developed Physical Restraint to Reduce Skin Injury in Intensive Care Units
Jung-Sook Mun1, Gyeong-Nam Lee2, Dong-Suk Lee3
1Hallym University Chunchon Medical Center
2Department of Nursing, Koje College, Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University
3Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Health Care Research Center
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study were to develop a new restraint for the intensive care units (ICU) and to investigate the application effect in comparison with a control group using existing restraints.
Method: A non-equivalent control group non-synchronized quasi-experimental research design was used. The participants were 40 (control 20, experimental 20) patients who were recruited by convenience sampling the ICU of a university hospital. To avoid contamination of the experiment, data for the control group were collected prior to the experimental group. Measurement variables were edema and skin damage (redness and abrasion) at the application site, and nurses' perceived convenience in applying restraints.
Results: Three days after applying the restraint, amount of edema at the application site was small and incidence of skin damage decreased in the experimental group in comparison with the control group. Also, score for application convenience measured by the nurses was higher in for the newly developed restraint than for existing restraints.
Conclusion: Results indicate that the newly developed restraint has lower effects such as edema and skin damage and is more convenient compared with existing restraints, and is therefore recommended for patients in the ICU.
Key words: Physical Restraint | Intensive Care Units
주요어: 억제대 | 중환자실
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