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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2009;16(4): 421
청소년의 항생제 사용에 대한 지식과 태도
김소선1, 문성미2, 이은숙3
1연세대학교 간호대학, 연세대학교 간호정책연구소
2울산대학교 간호학과
3연세대학교 간호대학
Adolescents' Knowledge and Attitudes towards Antibiotic Use
So-Sun Kim1, Seong-Mi Moon2, Eun-Sook Lee3
1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, The Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University
2Department of Nursing, University of Ulsan
3College of Nursing, Yonsei University
Abstract
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify knowledge and attitudes on antibiotic use held by adolescents (middle and high school students) in Korea.
Methods: Data were collected from a convenience sample of 651 students residing in 5 major cities in Korea. The questionnaire was developed after an extensive literature review and professional advisory meetings. Descriptive statistics, t-test, chi square test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients with the SPSS program were used to analyze the data.
Results: Respondents correctly answered 6.23 antibiotic-related questions out of 15 questions. Two thirds of the respondents knew viruses caused most colds and coughs, but 80% did not know that antibiotics do not work against viruses. High school students' attitudes towards antibiotics were somewhat negative. More middle school students than high school students asked doctors for antibiotics for a cold. High school students did not check if antibiotics were included in their prescription for a cold. There was no significant correlation between knowledge and attitudes towards antibiotic use.
Conclusion: Education programs on appropriate antibiotic use need to be developed for these students. Continual reinforcement and repetition of the contents are required to change attitudes.
Key words: Antibiotics | Drug resistance | Knowledge | Attitude | Adolescent
주요어: 항생제 | 약물내성 | 지식 | 태도 | 청소년
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