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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2009;16(3): 345
노인 당뇨병 환자의 자가간호, 가족지지, 우울
박기선1, 문정순2, 박선남3
1가톨릭대학교 간호대학 대학원
2가톨릭대학교 간호대학
Self-care, Family Support and Depression in Elderly Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Kee-Sun Park1, Jung-Soon Moon2, Sun-Nam Park3
1The Graduate School, The Catholic University of Korea
2College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea
3Seoul Women's College of Nursing
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the degree of self-care, family support and depression, and relationship among these variables for elder with diabetes mellitus.
Method: Participants were 202 diabetic patients, 65 years or over, living in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected using the self-care tool for diabetic patients by Kim (1996), the family support tool for diabetic patients by Park (1984), and Korea's BDI scale by Lee (1995).
Results: Of the patients, 43.1% showed HbAlc levels than higher 7%. The highest mean score was for self-care for medication compliance, and the lowest for blood glucose testing compliance. Factors affecting self-care were employment, education, HbAlc level, diabetic self-care education and complications. Factors affecting family support were living with family, diabetic self-care education, hospitalization and complications. Factors affecting depression were gender, living with family and complications. All of these factors were significant. Patients experiencing depression were 16.8% of patients. There was a significant positive correlation between self-care and family support, and significant negative correlations between self-care and depression, and family support and depression.
Conclusion: For more effective management of diabetes mellitus in elders, improvement in self-care compliance, and family support are needed.
Key words: Diabetes Mellitus | Elderly | Self-Care | Family | Depression
주요어: 노인 | 당뇨병 | 자가간호 | 가족지지 | 우울