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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2009;16(2): 171
경기지역 여자고등학생의 과민성 장 증후군 빈도와 입시 스트레스, 정신 건강, 삶의 질에 관한 연구
박효정1, 임선영2
1이화여자대학교 간호과학부
2김천과학대학 간호과
Frequency of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Entrance Examination Stress, Mental Health, and Quality of Life among Adolescent Women
Hyo-Jung Park1, Sun-Young Lim2
1Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University
2Department of Nursing Science, Kimcheon Science College
Abstract
Purpose: This study was done to examine the frequency of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), entrance examination stress, mental health, and quality of life among adolescent women.
Methods: A survey conducted to collect data from 925 adolescent women in Gyeonggi Province. The measurements included the Rome III criteria (to diagnose IBS), the entrance examination stress scale (to evaluate stress), symptom check list90R (SCL-90R to evaluate mental health), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Abbreviated Version (WHOQOL-BREF to evaluate quality of life). Frequency, $X^2$-tests, t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with the SPSS 16.0 program were used to analyze the data.
Results: The frequency of IBS in the women was 22.8%. One hundred thirty eight women (65.4%) had the mixed constipation and diarrhea subtype of IBS. Compared to the women without IBS, those with IBS reported significantly higher scores on entrance examination stress scale, SCL-90R, all subscales of SCL-90R, and lower scores on WOLQOL-BREF.
Conclusion: Nursing interventions targeting adolescent women with IBS should be developed in order to alleviate the associated stress and mental health and to promote quality of life.
Key words: Irritable bowel syndrome | Women | Stress | Mental health | Quality of life
주요어: 과민성 장 증후군 | 여성 | 스트레스 | 정신건강 | 삶의 질
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