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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2008;15(4): 485
심방세동 환자의 증상경험 및 삶의 질간의 관계
백경화1, 손연정2
1순천향대학교 천안병원 순환기내과
2순천향대학교 의과대학 간호학과
Relationships between Symptom Experience and Quality of Life in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
Kyung-Hwa Baek1, Youn-Jung Son2
1Department Responsible Nurse, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Cheonan
2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University
Purpose: In this study, relationships between symptom experience and quality of life in a cross-sectional sample of patients with Atrial Fibrillation (AF) were investigated.
Methods: This descriptive study involved a convenience sample of AF patients from S university hospital, C city. One hundred and two AF patients completed psychometric validated measures of AF related symptoms and quality of life. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS WIN 14.0 were used for data analysis.
Results: Of 16 atrial arrhythmia-related symptoms, the patients reported 'tiredness' as the most frequent and 'shortness of breath' as the most severe. The level of overall quality of life for patients with AF was 53.92. There were significant differences in symptom frequency according to religion, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification and left ventricular ejection fraction ; symptom severity according to monthly income and stroke ; quality of life according to age, job, alcohol intake, NYHA class and stroke. Quality of life for these patients was positively correlated with symptom frequency and symptom severity.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated that patients with more frequent and severe symptoms perceive poorer quality of life than patients with less frequent and less severe symptoms. Symptom experience should be assessed early to improve quality of life for patients.
Key words: Atrial | fibrillation | Symptoms | Quality of life
주요어: 심방세동 | 증상 | 삶의 |