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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2008;15(4): 475
비만아동을 위한 율동적 춤 운동을 포함한 비만관리프로그램의 효과
원종순1, 전선환2, 한애경3
1을지대학교 간호대학
2성수초등학교
3을지대학교 간호대학
Effects of an Obesity Control Program Including Rhythmical Dance Exercise for Children with Obesity
Jong-Soon Won1, Sun-Hwan Jun2, Ae-Kyung Han3
1College of Nursing, Eulji University
2Seongsu Elementary School
3College of Nursing, Eulji University
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of an obesity control program including rhythmical dance exercise, on body composition, knowledge about obesity, life habits and self-esteem among obese elementary school children. This program included obesity related health education and counseling based on behavior modification once a week, 1 hour-rhythmical dance class once a week and 40-minute jump rope classes twice a week for 8 weeks.
Method: There were 29 students with obesity in the experimental and 28 in the control group. Participated was voluntary. The data were collected from April 16 to July 6 2007. $x^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, paired t-test and t-test were used to analyze the data.
Results: Students in the experimental group showed significantly lower fat mass (t=-2.16, p=.036) and percent body fat (t=-2.93, p=.005) and significantly higher muscle mass (t=2.05, p=.045) and lean body mass (t=2.71, p=.009) than those in the control group. Knowledge of obesity increased significantly and eating habits changed significantly. But difference in exercise habits and self-esteem were not significant.
Conclusion: This study provides evidence that an 8 week-obesity control program including rhythmical dance exercise is effective in decreasing body fat, increasing muscle mass and increasing knowledge of obesity in children who are obese.
Key words: Child | Obesity | Exercise
주요어: 아동 | 비만 | 운동
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