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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 1996;3(1): 37
입원 환자의 호칭에 관한 연구
강현숙1, 김원옥2, 장광자3, 김일원4
1경희대학교 의과대학 간호학과
2경희대 병설 간호전문대학
3경희대 병설 간호전문대학
4경희의료원 간호부
A Study on Appellations for Admitted Patient
Hyun-Sook Kang1, Won-Ock Kim2, Kwang-Ja Jang3, Il-Won Kim4
1Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University
2Kyung Hee School of Nursing
3Kyung Hee School of Nursing
4Kyung Hee Medical Center
The Purposes of this study were to understand the types of appellations used by nurses and doctors for patients in a hospital and to analyze satisfaction and reason about appellation for patient. This would enable us to provide basic data on culturally suitable appellations for admitted patients. 454 patients at K University hospital in Seoul were subjects for this study. Subjects were interviewed individually using a questionnair and frequency $X^2-test$. Results are as follows. 1. The most frequently used type of appellations in hospitals was '-ssi ; -sir' used by 88.1% of the nurses and 83.9% of the doctors. About 3 quaters of the medical staff used '-ssi' while none used job position. 2. 93.2% of the patients were satisfied with the appellations used by nurses and 93.0% of the patients were satisfied with the appellations used by the doctors 43.7% didn't think appellations were important and 44.3% thought it natural to use the appellation. The most satisfactory form of appellation used by nurses was '-ssi' to 93.3% of patients. All were satisfied with '-nim ; -sir', '-teacher' and there was no statistically significance. On the other hand, the level of satisfaction and the appellation used by doctors showed a relationship($X^2=19.72$, p=.000). Every patient was satisfied with '-nim' and '-teacher' but 19.9% were dissatisfied with the others of appellations. 3. Most patients preferred to be called '-ssi' by nurses(77.3%) and doctors(78.7%) respectively. The dominant reason being accuracy(45.8%), naturalness(33.9%) for nurses and 43.8% and 45.4% respectively for doctors. 4. The relationship between the type of appellations requested of nurses and general characteristics showed that age($X^2=83.91%$ p=.000), level of education($X^2=33.35$ p=.000), and occupation($X^2=38.22$ p=.033) were related to the type of appellation. The type of appellation requested of doctors was related to the age($X^2=72.56$ p=.000), level of education($X^2=30.01$ p=.000), and occupation($X^2$=42.90 p=.010). Generally, '-ssi' was requested of doctors and nurses, but lower age group or higher age group(over 61), those in elementary schools or elementary school graduates snd students preferred being called by their first names or grandfather, grandmother. From the results above, we can see that the most general type of appellation used for patients by the medical staff is '-ssi' and most patients were satisfied with the appellation but, the reason being that such appellations were accepted without concern. This shows that most are not adequately satisfied with the appellation. Only a small number of people use '-nim' and '-teacher' but is the preferred and frequently used types of appellation. Therfore, a continuous research of appellations used for patients with patients using '-nim' and an investigation with nurses' opinions of appellations for patients as the subject are required.
Key words: appellations for admitted patient
주요어: 입원환자 호칭