| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(3): 371
노인 외로움의 영향요인 분석 - 지역사회 거주 노인을 중심으로 -
송준아1, 장성옥2, 임여진3, 이숙자4, 김순용5, 설근희6
1고려대학교 간호대학
2고려대학교 간호대학
4고려대학교 간호대학
5고려대학교 간호대학
6고려대학교 간호대학
Factors Affecting Loneliness in Community Dwelling Korean Elders
Jun-Ah Song1, Sung-Ok Jang2, Yeo-Jin Lim3, Sook-Ja Lee4, Soon-Yong Kim5, Geun-Hee Seol6
1College of Nursing, Korea University
2College of Nursing, Korea University
3Oregon Health & Sciences University
4College of Nursing, Korea University
5College of Nursing, Korea University
6College of Nursing, Korea University
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship of family function, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and general characteristics to loneliness in community dwelling Korean elders and identify factors affecting loneliness.
Method: With a cross-sectional causal-relationship design and a convenience sample, 205 elders residing in three districts of the city of Seoul, S. Korea were recruited. Participants were assessed using the Family APGAR Score, Self-Esteem Scale, Life-Satisfaction Scale, and Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale.
Results: The mean score for degree of loneliness (Mean=39.61, SD=10.09) was just below the mean for the scale (Possible range 20-80). Loneliness had significant negative correlations with family function (r= -.400, p<.001), self-esteem (r= -.399, p<.001), and life satisfaction (r= -.644, p<.001). Other general characteristics that had significant or nearly significant relationships with loneliness were perceived current financial and health status, whether doing any exercise or physical activities, degree of close relationship with family members, and length of living in current residence. Among variables, life satisfaction (Standardized ${beta};=;-.589$, p<.001) and length of living in current residence (Standardized ${beta};=;-.136$, p<.05) significantly predicted degree of loneliness.
Conclusion: Findings of this study allow a comprehensive understanding of loneliness and related factors among community dwelling elders in Korea. However, further studies with a larger random sample from various living environments are necessary.
Key words: Elders | Loneliness
주요어: 노인 | 외로움