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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(3): 331
만성 B형 간염환자의 삶의 질과 제요인
김금순1, 이명선2, 최은옥3, 백승운4, 곽상만5, 권소희6
1서울대학교 간호대학, 서울대학 간호과학연구소
2서울대학교 간호대학, 서울대학 간호과학연구소
3인제대학교 의과대학 간호학과
4성균관대학교 의과대학
6서울대학교 간호대학
Quality of Life and Related Factors in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B*
Keum-Soon Kim1, Myung-Sun Yi2, Eun-Ok Choi3, Seung-Woon Paik4, Sang-Man Kwak5, So-Hi Kwon6
1College of Nursing, Seoul National University
2College of Nursing, Seoul National University
3Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inje University
4Department of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University
5Systemix Inc.
6College of Nursing, Seoul National University
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate LDQOL (Liver Disease Quality of Life) and its related factors of patients with Hepatitis B.
Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study. The LDQOL was formally translated to Korean and reliability was examined. One hundred thirty eight patients following gastroenterology outpatient clinic of S. hospital in Seoul, Korea participated.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 45.43 years and 87.7% were men. The mean score of LDQOL was 77.34, and mean scores of subscale were followed; symptom of liver disease (SxLD) (82.12), effect of liver disease (ELD) (25.50), concentration (Conc) (84.47), memory (Mem) (83.24), health discomfort, (HD) (75.18), sexual function (SFun) (75.71), sexual problem (SProb) (84.70), Loneliness (85.50), Hopeless (67.43), and stigma of liver disease (SLD) (91.64). Women had a lower LDQOL score for Loneliness (p=.034), and over 45 year-old patients had a lower LDQOL overall score (p=.000). Patients who were HBV carriers, or who had Chronic Hepatitis B or Liver Cirrhosis reported lower QOL respectively(p=.032).
Conclusion: Although the liver disease itself seemed to be stable, patients with HBV experienced poor QOL in ELD, SProb, SFun, and Hopeless. Therefore nursing interventions in these aspects are needed.
Key words: Hepatitis B | Quality of life
주요어: B형 간염 | 삶의 질