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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(3): 306
정맥주사 투여 시 대상자가 인지하는 통증, 우울 및 불안과의 관계 - 통증 관련요인을 중심으로 -
김희정1, 정승교2, 김경희3, 강경아4
1중앙대학교 간호학과
2세명대학교 간호학과
3중앙대학교 간호학과
4중앙대학교 간호학과
The Relationship of Pain, Depression and Anxiety which Patients Recognize on Intravenous Injection - Focus on Pain Relating Factors -
Hee-Jeong Kim1, Seung-Kyo Chaung2, Kyung-Hee Kim3, Kyoung-Ah Kang4
1Department of Nursing, Chungang University
2Department of Nursing, Semyung University
3Department of Nursing, Chungang University
4Department of Nursing, Chungang University
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that have an influence on the pain which patients recognize when receiving an intravenous injection.
Method: Participants were 111 patients who were admitting to C University Hospital. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 11.0 program.
Results: For the participants, factors related to administration of medication were the following: Phlebitis scale, who administers the IV injection, failure to complete the IV injection, explaination of the IV injection and rate of injection. Level of pain, depression and anxiety in the participants was as follows: Pain ($4.86{pm}2.09$), depression ($35.76{pm}9.91$), anxiety ($32.34{pm}8.87$). There were positive correlations between pain and depression (r= .437, p< .000), between pain and anxiety (r= .478, p< .000), and between depression and anxiety (r= .544, p< .000).
Conclusion: Such findings provide new insights into the dynamic relationships between depression, anxiety and pain which patients recognize when having an intravenous injection. Further studies should be conducted to establish the causal relation between depression, anxiety and pain and to determine appropriate nursing interventions.
Key words: Intravenous injection | Pain | Depression | Anxiety
주요어: 정맥주사 | 통증 | 우울 | 불안
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