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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(2): 221
지역사회 재가 노인의 인구학적 특성과 낙상경험에 따른 일상생활 수행능력, 하지근력, 인지기능 및 시각기능
송경애1, 최동원2
1가톨릭대학교 간호대학
2가톨릭대학교 대학원 간호학과
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Leg Muscle Strength, Cognitive and Visual Function According to Demographic Variables and the Experience of Falling in Community Resident Elderly Koreans
Kyeong-Yae Sohng1, Dong-Won Choi2
1College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea
2College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), leg muscle strength, cognitive and visual functions according to the participants' demographic characters and experiences of falling in Korean elder who are residents in the community.
Method: Data were collected from 351 participants aged 65 or more, who were ambulatory, A structured questionnaire and several physical function measurements were used to collect the data which were analyzed using the SAS program.
Results: The participants' IADL scores were significantly different according to their age, educational level and living situation. The leg muscle strength of the elders were significantly different according to gender and age, and were also related the risk of falling. Cognitive scores were significantly different according to gender, age, education level and marital status. Visual acuity and depth perception were significantly different according to age, education level, and marital status.
Conclusion: Demographic variables and experience of falling were identified as variables related to IADL, leg muscle strength, cognitive and visual function of elders. Further study with a larger and nation-wide sample is needed to identify the variables related to the physical and cognitive functions of elders.
Key words: Fall | Aged | ADL | muscle strength | visual perception
주요어: 낙상 | 노인 | 일상생활 수행능력 | 근력 | 시각기능
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