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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2007;14(1): 92
일 복지관 이용 노인의 생활습관 및 우울이 영양상태에 미치는 영향
김춘길1, 정승교2, 박혜자3
1한림대학교 간호학부
2세명대학교 간호학과
3용인시 노인복지회관
Effects of Lifestyle and Depression on the Nutritional Status of Elderly People
Chun-Gill Kim1, Seung-Kyo Chaung2, Hyea-Ja Park3
1Division of Nursing, Hallym University
2Department of Nursing, Semyung University
3Yonginsi Senior Welfare Center
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate nutritional status, and the effects of lifestyles and depression on nutritional status of elderly people (NSE).
Method: The participants were 280 elders who visited the Y city Senior Welfare Center between August 2006 and October 2006. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that included general characteristics, lifestyle checklist, depression scale, and nutritional risk index. Also, Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated from height and weight. T-test, ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson coefficients correlation and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data using the SPSS Win 12.0 program.
Results: The NSE mean score was mid level at 5.03 BMI was 23.42 which indicates overweight. Depression was the factor that influenced the nutritional risk index most strongly, accounting for 17.3% of the total variance in the NSE. A combination of significance of health, concerns about health, housing, condition of teeth, activity, and smoking pattern accounted for 29.8% of the variance in the NSE. Condition of teeth accounted for only 3.8% of the variance in BMI.
Conclusion: It is necessary to be aware that variance in the NSE can be affected by several factors including depression and lifestyle and that depression is strongly related to poorer NSE.
Key words: Aged | Lifestyle | Depression | Nutritional status
주요어: 노인 | 생활습관 | 우울 | 영양