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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2006;13(1): 119
금연의 준비단계이전에서 준비단계로, 준비단계에서 준비단계이후로의 이행에 대한 예측변인: 청소년과 성인 비교
장성옥1, 김은주2, 서문경애3, 이수정4, 차보경5
1고려대학교 간호대학
2한서대학교 간호학과
3고려대학교 간호대학
4극동대학교 간호학과
5한서대학교 간호학과
Predictors of Pre and Post Preparation in Stages of Change of Smoking for Adolescent Smokers and Adult Smokers
Sung-Ok Chang1, Eun-Ju Kim2, Gyeong-Ae Seomun3, Su-Jeong Lee4, Bo-Kyung Cha5
1College of Nursing, Korea University
2Department of Nursing, Hanseo University
3College of Nursing, Korea University
4Department of Nursing, Kukdong University
5Department of Nursing, Hanseo University
Abstract
Purpose: This study was done to identify predictors differentiating the preparation stage, which is the stage that the smoker is ready to quit smoking, between adolescent smokers and adult smokers.
Method: A survey was conducted with 376 adolescent smokers in 4 high schools and 451 adult smokers in community settings in South Korea from August 2003 to April 2005. To identify the predictors before and after preparation in stages of change of smoking, logistic regression was done.
Results: The predictors for before preparation in stages of change of smoking were process of change for smoking abstinence for adolescent smokers and depression for adult smokers. The predictors for after preparation in stages of change of smoking were self-efficacy for smoking abstinence for adolescent smoker and self-efficacy for smoking abstinence and smoking temptation for adult smokers.
Conclusion: For each group, adolescent smokers and adult smokers, specific smoking intervention methods need to be developed based on the different ways individuals make the decision to quit smoking within their contexts.
Key words: Smoking
주요어: 흡연
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