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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2005;12(2): 247
중환자실 환자의 수면양상, 수면장애특성 및 수면장애요인
노원재1, 이영미2, 송경애3
1가톨릭대학교 강남성모병원 외과중환자실
2강원관광대학 간호과
3가톨릭대학교 간호대학
Sleep Patterns of ICU Patients, Characteristics and Factors Related to Sleep Disturbance
Won-Jae Noh1, Young-Mee Lee2, Kyeong-Yae Sohng3
1SICU, KangNam St. Mary's Hospital. The Catholic University of Korea
2Kangwon Tourism College, Department of Nursing
3College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea
Abstract
Purpose: This study was done to examine the sleep pattern of ICU patients, as well as characteristics of, and factors related to sleep disturbances, and state anxiety. It was done to provide the basic data fur effective nursing interventions to improve quality of sleep for these patients.
Methods: The participants were 104 patients who were admitted to the surgical ICU in a hospital in Seoul. To measure sleep patterns, the Verran and Snyder-Halpern Sleep Scale and the Sleeping Scale developed by Oh et al.(1998) were used. Characteristics of sleep disturbances were measured using the Sleep characteristics scale developed by Park(1999). To measure factors related to sleep disturbances, thirty items developed by Oh(1998) were used.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the sleep patterns according to the general characteristics of the patients. The characteristics of sleep disturbances showed statistically significant differences in general and specific characteristics of sleep patterns but there was no statistically significant difference according to the general characteristics of the patients. There were significant negative correlations between factors related to sleep disturbances and general and specific characteristics of sleep patterns but there were no statistically significant difference according to the general characteristics of the patients.
Conclusion: The results showed that the majority of patients staying in the surgical ICU experienced sleep disturbances and that the physical factor was the major factor of sleep disturbances.
Key words: Sleep | Sleep disturbance | Intensive care unit
주요어: 수면 | 수면장애 | 중환자실
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