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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2005;12(1): 101
초등학교의 보건교과목 개설 여건
문정순1, 송경애2, 이종은3, 박선남4
1가톨릭대학교 간호대학
2가톨릭대학교 간호대학
3가톨릭대학교 간호대학
4서울여자간호대학
Current Status Related to Providing Health Education Courses in Elementary Schools
Jung-Soon Moon1, Kyeong-Yae Sohng2, Jong-Eun Lee3, Sun-Nam Park4
1College of Nursing, The Catholic University
2College of Nursing, The Catholic University
3College of Nursing, The Catholic University
4Seoul Women's College of Nursing
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the status of health education courses in elementary schools.
Method: From September to December in 2003, 607 school nurses were surveyed by questionnaires.
Results: 1) Of the schools, 32.1% had health education programs as part of the school health service. A higher proportion was found in schools in suburban and rural areas. Mass media in health education was used by 75% of school nurses. Regular classes were more frequently utilized in schools in rural areas, while the classes in health-related subjects were utilized in urban areas. For 20.6% of school nurses, there was a substitute person to provide health care while the nurse was in health education classed, but 94.2% of school nurses found they had to give up health education due to pressure from other health services. 2) Of the nurses, 97.0% felt the need to provide health education courses, but 60.6% insisted that their work load needed to be modified and supplemental personnel were necessary if health education courses were to be provided. 3) More than 30% school nurses responded that educational materials and media, and concern by teachers and administrators were insufficient. 4) School nurses suggested that the content for health education courses should include healthy life and dental health care for students in lower grades, dental health care, sex education and safety for students in middle grades, and sex education and drug abuse prevention for students in higher grades.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to provide health education courses in elementary schools but conditions in the schools are not satisfactory. For successful school health services, personnel supplement, modified work loads and sufficient educational materials and media should be in place before health education courses are provided.
Key words: Schools | Health education
주요어: 보건교과목 | 초등학교
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