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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2004;11(3): 335
중학생의 흡연예방을 위한 실험중심 교육 프로그램의 효과
최영미1, 강현숙2
2경희대학교 간호과학대학
An Experiment to Test Effects of an Educational Program on Prevention of Smoking in Middle School Students
Young-Mi Choi1, Hyun-Sook Kang2
1Jeongbal Middle School
2College of Nursing Science, Kyung-Hee University
Purpose: This study was to evaluate effect of an educational program based upon experiment for smoking prevention in middle school students.
Method: A quasi-experimental design was used. The participants were 107 middle school students (53 in the experimental group, 54 in the control group). Students in the experimental group participated in three 45-minute educational programs over a period of 2 weeks. The dependent variables were measured before and 2 & 4 weeks after the treatment. The data were analyzed using $x^2$ test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA. SPSS was used to aid analysis.
Results: 1) The experimental group showed higher levels of knowledge of smoking prevention compared to the control group. However this program did not affect their attitude towards smoking. 2) There was a higher possibility of smoking in the future among the students who had smoked than those who had not. 3) The majority (84.9%) of the experimental group said that the program was effective.
Conclusion: Knowledge of smoking for the experimental group was increased, so it is assumed that the program itself had a positive effect on the students. To change attitudes regarding smoking, smoking prevention programs need to be conducted repeatedly, not just temporarily.
Key words: Smoking
주요어: 흡연