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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing 2004;11(2): 166
치매노인, 치매의심노인 및 일반노인의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인
이금재1, 이신영2
1경원전문대학 간호과
2계명대학교 사회복지학과
A Study on the Factors Influencing Depression among Elderly People with, and without, Dementia
Keum-Jae Lee1, Shin-Young Lee2
1Department of Nursing, Kyungwon College
2Department of Social Welfare, Keimyung University
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that affect depression among elderly people with, and without, dementia.
Method: The participants were 903 people who were 65 or older and resided in Sungnam City. Data were collected from April to July 2002 using a questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression aided by SPSS/PC. Result: The variables at the final step of the regression equation accounted for 28.2% of variance in the dementia group, 21.4% in the group with suspicious dementia, and 18.9% in the normal group. The multiple regression analysis revealed that ADL and instrumental support were related significantly to depression in the dementia group. Self-rated health, IADL, social activity support, and instrumental support were significantly related to depression in the group with suspicious dementia. In the normal group, education, self-rated health, and living arrangement with family were significantly related to depression.
Conclusion: Social support and health condition are important to decrease depression in elderly people with dementia.
Key words: Elderly | Dementia | Social support | Depression
주요어: 치매노인 | 사회적 지지 | 우울